Barlow, Thomas Bishop of Lincoln, born in Westmoreland in 1607; educated at Appleby, and removed thence to Queen's College, Oxford. Although no favorer of the Parliamentary party, he retained his fellowship through the Commonwealth, and in 1654 was appointed keeper of the Bodleian. Afterward he was made provost of his college, Lady-Margaret professor, and in 1675 Bishop of Lincoln, being then nearly seventy years of age. He never removed to his see. He died in 1691, on the 8th of October. He was of the Calvinistic school of theology, and left, among other writings, the following, viz.
(1.) The Case of Toleration in Matters of Religion (1660);
(2.) The Original of Sinecures (1676);
(3.) Popery, or the Principles and Opinions of the Church of Rome;
(4.) Brutum fulmen, or the Bull of Pope Pius V, etc. (Lond. 1681, 4to).
After his death, Sir Peter Pett published a volume of Cases of Conscience, resolved by Barlow, and another volume of Genuine Remains (Lond. 1693, 8vo).