Bar (Lat Berus, Iq Bacher), Ludwig

Bar (Lat. Berus, i.q. Bacher), Ludwig a Swiss humanist and theologian, was born at Basle towards the end of the 15th century. He studied at his native place and at Paris. In the latter city he was promoted to the doctorate of theology. In 1513 he was appointed professor of theology at his native place, and soon attracted many students. At the beginning of the Reformation, he sided, in connection with Erasmus, with that movement. But when the intentions of the leaders became more and more known,. he stood up for his Church, and, as one of the leaders of the theological faculty, opposed OEcolampadius and Pellican. When, however, in 1529 the evangelical party had gained the victory and the Church of Rome was declared to be abolished at Basle, Bar, in connection with Erasmus, Glarean, and other professors and canons, left Basle and settled at Breisgau. He died at the last-named place, April 14, 1554. He wrote, De Christiana ad Mortem Praeparatione Liber: Psalmorium Expositio: Quaestio, an Tempore Pestis Fugere Liceat. See Herzog, Athence Raurica (Basle, 1778); Vischer, Geschichte der Universitlt Basel von der Grundung 1460 bis zur Reformation 1529 (ibid. 1860); Fiala, in Wetzer u. Welte's Kirchenlexicon s.v. (B.P.)

Definition of bar

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