Baldwin (styled Thomas Devonius), was born at Exeter, where he received a liberal education. He became archdeacon of Exeter, but soon resigned, and became a monk in the Cistercian abbey of Ford, in Devonshire, of which in a few years he was elected abbot. In 1181 he was made bishop of Worcester, and in 1184 Henry II translated him to the see of Canterbury. Urban III afterward made Baldwin his legate for the diocese of Canterbury. On September, 3,1189, Baldwin performed the ceremony of crowning Richard I at Westminster; and in the same year, when that king's natural brother, Geoffrey, was translated from the see of Lincoln to York, he successfully asserted the pre-eminence of the see of Canterbury, forbidding the bishops of England to receive consecration from any other than the Archbishop of Canterbury. In 1190 he made a progress into Wales to preach the Crusade; and in the same year, having held a council at Westminster, he followed King Richard I to the Holy Land. He embarked at Dover March 25,1191, abandoning the important duties of his station, and, after suffering many hardships on his voyage, arrived at Acre during the siege, where he died, November 20, in the same year, and where his body was interred. Bishop Tanner has given a list of a great many treatises by Archbishop Baldwin, which remain in manuscript, and has noticed the different libraries in which they are deposited. The most important were collected by Bertrand Tissier, and published, in 1662, in the fifth volume of the "Scriptores Biblioth. Cisterciensis." See Engl. Cyclopedia; Godwin, De Pros. Ang. p. 79; Collier, Eccl. Hist. 2:374 sq.

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