Bal-Esvara in the mythology of India, was the surname of Siva, under which the Siva cultus spread far to the west. The fruitful portion of the god, the Linga, has been distributed among thirty-one parts of the earth; the largest part, called Bal-Linga, was given to the shore of the Kamudvati (Euphrates). This myth is designed to express that the Linga of Bal (Baal) was born again as Bal-Esvara. He ruled. worshipped by all, under the name of Lil-Esvara (the joy imparting), in Nineveh (as king Ninus). His wife, Paravadi, had divorced herself from him because of his unfaithfulness, and had fled to the North-land, where she was worshipped as fire-queen, enclosed in a Samitree, as Samirama (Semiramis). Bal-Esvara found her in Askalastan (Askelon). They united again and lived on the shore of Hradanieta (Tigris). Others relate that they inhabited certain wild districts, in the form of doves, under the names of Kapot-Eswara and Kapot'Esi.

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