Baini, Giuseppe, an Italian musical critic and composer of church music, was born at Rome in 1775. He took priest's orders, and was instructed by his uncle, Lorenzo Baini, and by Jannaconi. He served for several years as one of the bass singers in the choir of the pontifical chapel, and in 1814 became musical director. He died at Rome in 1844. His compositions were very favorable specimens of the severe ecclesiastical style. His Miserere was long performed in the services of the Sistine Chapel during Passion week. His Lije of Palestrina (1828) ranks very high as a work on musical history and criticism. See Encyclop. Brit. (9th ed.), s.v.; Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, s.v.