Augustinian Nuns a religious order of the Roman Catholic Church following the rule of Augustine. Like the Augustinian monks, they have claimed Augustine as founder, without, however, any historical proofs. They partly form congregations under the guidance of the Augustinian monks, and partly are placed under the jurisdiction of the diocesan bishops. Congregations of Discalceated or Barefooted Augustinian nuns were founded in 1589, 1597, and 1604 in Spain, and one about the same time in Portugal by Queen Louisa, wife of John IV. The most recent congregation of Augustinian nuns is that called Augustines de l'Interieur de Marie, established on Oct. 14, 1829. It had, in 1839, only one house, at Grand Montrouge. In 1860 the Augustinian nuns had, altogether 42 establishments in France, and a few others in Italy, Switzerland, Prussia, Spain, Holland and Belgium, Poland, Canada (at Quebec), and South America. The sources of information are the same as those mentioned at the close of the preceding article. See also Migne, Diet. des Ordres Religieux, tom. 4, p. 105-116.