Arthur, Archibald a Scottish clergyman, was born at Abbots Inch, Renfrewshire, Sept. 6, 1744, and was instructed in his youth in the Grammar-school at Paisley. He afterwards finished his education at the University of Glasgow, where he became professor of moral philosophy; took a course in theology in the same' institution; was licensed to preach in 1767, and soon after was appointed chaplain to the university and assistant to the Rev. Dr. Craig of Glasgow. In 1780 he was appointed assistant and successor to the learned Dr. Reid, professor of moral philosophy, and he continued to deliver lectures for fifteen years. He died June 14, 1797. One of his best works was Discourses on Theological and Literary. Subjects.