Aquaviva (or rather Acquaviva), a name common to several cardinals, viz.:

1. FRANCESCO, of Naples, was born in 1665. Under Innocent XI he was appointed vice-legate of Ferrara, and Alexander VIII appointed him inquisitor of Malta. Under Innocent XII he went as nuncio to Spain, when Charles II and Philip V occupied the throne. Clement XI made him cardinal of San Bartolomeo, and Philip V appointed him the representative and protector of Spain at the Roman see. He died in 1725 as bishop of Sabina.'

2. GIOVANNI VINCENTE, in 1537 was bishop of Melfi and Rapolla, and in 1542 cardinal-priest. He died in 1556:

3. GIULIO was born at Naples in 1546. Under pope Pius V he represented the interests of his Church in Spain during the reign of Philip II. To reward. him, the same pope, made him cardinal-deacon of San Callisto. He died in 1574.

4. OTTAVIO (the older) was born in 1560 at Naples. Under Sixtus V and Gregory XIV he occupied many high ecclesiastical positions, and in. 1591 was made .cardinal. Under Clement VIII he represented his Church at Avignon, where he had to encounter many difficulties with the Huguenots. At last he succeeded in bringing over Henry IV to the Catholic Church. In 1605 Leo XI made him archbishop of Naples, where he died in 1612.

5. OTTAVIO (the younger) was born at Naples in 1608. In 1654 Innocent X invested him with the purple. He died in 1674.

6. TROJA:IO was born in 1694 at Naples.. He was very intimate with Benedict XIII, and under Clement XII was made cardinal of Santa Cecilia in 1732. Philip V of Spain and Charles III of Naples appointed him their representative at the Roman see. At the wish of Philip, he was made archbishop of Toledo. His influence was of great importance at the election of Benedict XIV.. He died in 1747.

Besides, there are mentioned a cardinal PAPINIA. NO, who flourished in 772 under Adrian I; cardinal STEFANO, who lived under Boniface V; and PASQUALI of Aragon, who was born in 1719 at Naples, and died under Clement XIV in 1788. (B. P.)

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