Anterus St., bishop of Rome, a Greek by birth, succeeded St. Pontianus, and was, according to Eusebius, the eighteenth, according to others the nineteenth, bishop of Rome. According to the same historian, he was elected in 238, and died one month later. But, according to Baronius, who is followed by most of the modern historians, his election falls into the year 235. Anterus ordered the acts of the martyrs to be collected, which is said to have occasioned the persecution in which he suffered martyrdom himself (see Baronius, ad ann. 237, and the notes of Pagi and Mansi).