Anselm (7)

Anselm a name common to several archbishops OF MILAN, of whom we name the following:

1. ANSELM BILIUS (814-822), who was exiled with other bishops on account of the part he took in the conspiracy of Bernard. He was, however, restored again, and crowned, in 821, king Lothar, at Monza.

2. ANSELM CAPRA (823-897), who crowned, in 888, Berengarius, at Pavia, as king of Italy.

3. ANSELM OF RAUDE (1086-1093), was a faithful adherent of the pope and opponent of Henry IV, and crowned his rebellious son Conrad in 1093.

4. ANSELM VALVASOR (1097-1101), second successor to the former, and also a papal adherent. In 1098 he held a large synod, went to the Holy Land, but returned in 1099. The second time he took the cross to join the crusades, but died at Constantinople.

5. ANSELM OF PUSTERLA (1123-1135), refused to accept the pallium from the hands of Honorius II. He crowned, in 1128, Conrad, the rival of Lothair, in consequence of which he was put under the ban by the pope, together with Conrad. When Anacletus II was elected antipope, Anselm sided with him, and accepted the pallium from the hands of his legate. The legitimate pope replied with an interdict, which only increased the confusion, since Anselm inflicted ecclesiastical punishment upon faithful adherents of the pope. At last the people of Milan expelled Anselm, in 1133, and the council held at Pisa in 1135 confirmed the act of the people of Milan. While on his way to the antipope, Anselm was taken prisoner, and died at Rome, August 24, 1136: See Ughell, Italia Sacra,: volume 4; Scherer, in Wetzer. u. Welte's Kirchenlexikon, s.v. (B.P.)

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