Anfal (Arab. the spoils) is the title of a chapter in the Koran which lays down the rules in regard to the distribution of spoils taken from the enemy. The arrangement of Mohammed on this subject was that the fifth part was to belong to God, to the prophet, to his relations, to orphans, to, the poor, and to pilgrims. One interpretation of this rule practically excludes God from the parties entitled to the spoil. Others suppose that the rule is to be literally followed by subdividing a fifth part of the booty into six portions, and that the portions belonging to God and the prophetare to be used in repairing and adorning the temple of Mecca.