Alexandria, Councils of
Alexandria, Councils Of.
The following councils were held at Alexandria: 1, A.D. 231, in which Origen was deposed from the priesthood; 2, A.D. 235, against Ammonius; 3, A.D. 258, against Novatus; 4, A.D. 263, against Nepotianus and Cerinthus (Fabric. 2, 292); 5, A.D. 305, 306, or 308, against Meletius, bishop of Lycopolis, in Egypt; 6, A.D. 315, against Arius, St. Alexander presiding; 7, A.D., 319 or 320, against Arius and the Meletians and Sabellians — Hosius of Cordova was present; 8, A.D. 321, against Arius; 9, A.D. 326, in which St. Athanasius was elected patriarch; 10, A.D. 340, in favor of St. Athanasius; 11, A.D. 362, in which the divinity of the Holy Spirit, the Incarnation, the term Hypostasis, and other matters, were treated of; 12, A.D. 363, in which St. Athanasius drew up a confession of faith, which was presented to the Emperor Jovianus; 13, A.D. 399. in which the Origenists were condemned; 14, A.D. 430, in which St. Cyril condemned Nestorius; 15, A.D. 451, against the Eutychians; 16, A.D. 578. by Damianus, the Eutychian patriarch, against Peter of Antioch; 17, A.D. 633, under Cyrus the Monothelite, in which the Monothelite errors were adroitly defended. For a good summary of the doings of these councils, see Landon, Manual of Councils, p. 17 sq.