[many Adon'ikam] (Heb. Adonikam', אֲדַֹניקָם, probably, whom the Lord sets up; Sept. Αδωνικάμ), one, whose retainers, to the number of 666, returned (B.C. 506) to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel (Ezr 2:13), besides himself (Ne 7:18), and somewhat later (B.C. 459) his three immediate descendants, with 60 male followers (Ezr 8:13). In the Apocryphal text (1 Esdras 8:39) his name is once Anglicized Andonicam (Α᾿δωνικάμ, comp. Α᾿δωνικάν, 1 Esdras 5:14). He appears (from the identity of the associated names) to have been the ADONIJAH SEE ADONIJAH who joined in the religious covenant of Nehemiah (Ne 10:16), B.C. 410.

Adoni'ram (Heb. Adoniram', אֲדֹנַירָם, lord of height, i. c. high lord; Sept. Α᾿δωνιράμ), a person mentioned as receiver-general of the imposts [see TAX] in the reigns of David (1Ki 5:6, where he is said to lave been the son of Abda; 2Sa 20:24, where he is called ADORAM, by contraction), Solomon (1Ki 4:14), and Rehoboam (1Ki 12:18, where he is called ADORAM; 2Ch 10:18, where he is called HADORAM, q.v.), for an extended term (B.C. 1014-973), during which he had rendered himself, as well as the tribute itself, so odious to the people (comp. 1Ki 12:4), in sustaining the immense public works of Solomon (q.v.), that, when Rehoboam rashly sent him to enforce the collection of the taxes, the exasperated populace rose upon him and stoned him to death, as a signal for the revolt under Jeroboam (1 Kings, 12:18).

Bible concordance for ADONIKAM.

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

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