Fourier, Pierre of Mataincourt, a Roman Catholic religious reformer, was born at Mire (Lorraine) November 30, 1565, and died at Gray December 9, 1640. He reformed the regular canons of the congregation of St. Sauveur de Lorraine, and established the religieuses of the congregation of Notre Dame for the instruction of girls. He died in the odor of sanctity, and his name was placed on the list of the beatified at Rome January 29, 1730, See lives of him by Bedel (Paris, 1645, 8vo) and Friant (Nancy, 1746, 12mo). — Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, 18:344-5.