Flugel, Gustav Lebrecht

Flugel, Gustav Lebrecht a German Orientalist, was born February 18, 1802, at Bautzen, in Saxony, and studied theology and philology at Leipsic. He continued his Oriental studies at Vienna under Hammer-Purgstall, and at Paris under De Sacy. In 1851 Fligel was called to Vienna to prepare a catalogue of the Oriental manuscripts of the imperial library. His main work is the Lexicon Bibliographicum et Encyclopaedicum a Haji Khalfa. Compositum, which he published with a Latin translation and commentary, at the expense of the Oriental Translation Fund of London (Lond. and Leipsic, 1835-58, 7 volumes). He also edited an elegant edition of the Koran (Leipsic, 1834, 1841, 1858), and published Concordantiae Corani Arabicae (ibid. 1842). Of his other writings we mention, Geschichte der Araber (1832-40, 3 volumes; 2d ed. 1864): — Al-Kindi, genannt der Philosoph der Araber (ibid. 1857): — Mani, seine Lehren und seine Schriften (ibid. 1862): — Die grammatischen Schulen der Araber (ibid. eod.): — Geschichte der Araber bis auf den Sturz des Chalifats von Bagdad (2d ed. 1864), besides contributions to German reviews and cyclopaedias. Flugel died at Dresden, July 5, 1870. After his death, Rodiger and Muller published his edition of Kitab al-Fihrist, of Ibn-al-nadin (1871-72, volumes 1 and 2). See Dugat, Histoire des Orientalistes (Paris, 1870), 2:91, 291; Lichtenberger, Encyclop. des Sciences Religieuses, s.v.; Brockhaus, Conversations- Lexikon (13th ed.), 6:927 sq. (B.P.)

 
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