Flote SEE FLOAT. Flour stands in the Auth. Vers. as the representative of the following Heb. words: קֶמִח (ke'mach, literally marrow, SEE FAT, Jg 6:19; 1Sa 1:24; 1Sa 28:24; 2Sa 17:28, meal, as it is elsewhere rendered), סֹלֶת (so'leth, from stripping off the hull, the finest and purest part of the meal, usually rendered "fine flour," Sept. and N. Test. σεμίδαλις, Re 18:13), and בָּצֵק (batsek', from its swelling in rising, 2Sa 13:18, dough as it is elsewhere rendered). SEE MEAL.
In early times corn was often eaten whole without any preparation at all (De 23:25), and the custom was not entirely disused in the time of our Savior (Mt 12:1). Parching it afterwards became so general that the words which properly mean parched were also used for corn or meal (Ru 2:14; 2Sa 17:28). SEE PARCHED CORN. Mortars were used in the time of Moses for bruising corn, as was also the mill (Nu 11:8). SEE MORTAR. Fine meal, that is, corn or grain ground or beaten fine, is spoken of as far back as the time of Abraham (Ge 18:6). At first, barley alone was ground. but afterwards wheat, as only the poor used barley. Barley-bread appears to have been more suitable in the warm climate of the East than in a colder climate. SEE BREAD. On the second day, however, it becomes insipid and rough to the palate, as is likewise the case with wheaten bread; hence the necessity of baking every day, and hence also the daily grinding at the mills about evening—alluded to by the prophet Jeremiah (Jer 25:10). SEE MILL. The flour, being mingled with water, was reduced to a solid mass in a sort of wooden tray or kneading-trough (q.v.); this, after remaining a little time, was kneaded, some leaven being also added to it (Ex 12:34). SEE LEAVEN. In case it was necessary to prepare the bread very hastily, the leaven was left out (Ge 18:6; Ge 19:3). The cakes, when made, were round, and nine or ten inches in diameter, and often not thicker than a knife.—Jahn, Aschaeol. § 137-140. SEE CAKE. Fine flour was especially offered by the poor as a sin-offering (Le 5:11-13), end in connection with other sacrifices in general (Nu 15:3-12; Nu 28:7-29). SEE OFFERING.