Azari'ah (Hebrews Azaryah'. עֲזִריָה, helped by Jehovah, answering to the German name Gottheef; also in the prolonged form Azarya'hu, עֲזריָהוּ. 1Ki 4:2,5; 2Ki 15:6,8; 2Ch 15:1; 2Ch 21:2; 2Ch 22:6; 2Ch 23:1; 2Ch 26:17,20; 2Ch 28:12; 2Ch 29:12; 2Ch 31:10,13; Sept. Α᾿ζαρίας and Α᾿ζαρία), a very common name among the Hebrews, and hence borne by a considerable number of persons mentioned in Scripture, especially in the families of the priests of the line of Eleazar, whose name has precisely the same meaning as Azariah. It is nearly identical and is often confounded with Ezra, as well as with Zerahiah and Seraiah. SEE AZARIAS.
1. Apparently the only son of Ethan, the grandson of Judah (1Ch 2:8). B.C. 1856.
2. A son of Jehu and father of Helez, of the tribe of Judah (1Ch 2:38-39). B.C. post 1046.
3. A person named as son of the high-priest Zadok, and an officer in the cabinet of Solomon (1Ki 4:2). B.C. cir. 1000. He is perhaps the same, however, with No. 6 below.
4. A son of Nathan and captain of King Solomon's guards (1Ki 4:5). B.C. cir. 1000.
5. A prophet who met King Asa on his return from a great victory over the Cushite king Zerah (2Ch 15:1, where he is called the son of Oded, but Oded simply in ver. 8). See AsA. B.C. 939. He powerfully stirred up the spirit of Asa, and of the people of Judah and Benjamin, in a brief but pithy prophecy, which has been preserved, to put away all idolatrous worship, and to restore the altar of the one true God before the porch of the Temple. Great numbers of Israelites from Ephraim, and Manasseh, and Simeon, and all Israel, joined in the national reformation, to the great strengthening of the kingdom; and a season of rest and great prosperity ensued.
6. A high-priest, son of Ahimaaz and father (grandfather) of Johanan (1Ch 6:9), perhaps the father of Amariah, who lived under Jehoshaphat, king of Judah (2Ch 19:11). B.C. ante 912. SEE HIGH-PRIEST.
7. One of the sons of king Jehoshaphat (2Ch 21:2, where the name is repeated, as if he had two sons of this name). B.C. post 912.
8. Otherwise called AHAZIAH SEE AHAZIAH (q.v.), king of Judah (2Ch 22:6).
9. A son of Jeroham, who joined Jehoiada in his pious efforts to restore the worship of the Temple, and put down the usurpation of Athaliah (2Ch 23:1). B.C.877.
10. A son of Obed, another "captain of a hundred," who joined Jehoiada in the same enterprise (2Ch 23:1). B.C. 877.
11. A person named as son of Johanan and father of another Amariah, a high-priest (1Ch 6:10-11), whom some suppose the same as ZECHARIAH, son of Jehoiada, who was killed in the reign of Joash of Judah (2Ch 24:20-22). In Ezr 7:3, either his or a former person's father is called Mesaroth. B C. cir. 809. SEE HIGH-PRIEST. From the date he appears to be the same with the high-priest who opposed King Uzziah (q.v.) in offering incense to Jehovah (2Ch 26:17,20). B.C. 781.
12. Otherwise called UZZIAH SEE UZZIAH (q.v.), king of Judah, (2Ki 14:21; 2Ki 15:1,6-8,17,23,27; 1Ch 3:12, etc.).
13. A son of Johanan and chief of the tribe of Ephraim, one of those that protested against enslaving their captive brethren of Jerusalem during the reign of Ahaz (2Ch 28:12). B.C. 739.
14. A Levite, son of Zephaniah and father of Joel (1Ch 6:36). In ver. 24 he is called UZZIAH, the son of Uriel and father of Shaul. It appears from 2Ch 29:12, that his son Joel lived under Hezekiah. B.C. ante 726.
15. A high-priest in the time of Hezekiah (2Ch 31:10,13). B.C. 726. He seems to be the same incorrectly called AHITUB in 1Ch 6:11-12. He appears to have co-operated zealously with the king in that throrough purification of the Temple and restoration of the Temple services which was so conspicuous an event in Hezekiah's reign. He especially interested himself in providing chambers in the house of the Lord in which to stow the tithes, and offerings, and consecrated things for the use of the priests and Levites, and in appointing overseers to have the charge of them. As the attendance of priests and Levites and the maintenance of the Temple services depended entirely upon the supply of such offerings, whenever the people neglected them the priests and Levites were forced to disperse themselves to their villages, and so the house of God was deserted (comp. Ne 10:35-39; Ne 12:27-30,44-47).
16. The son of Hilkiah and father of Seraiah, which latter was the last high- priest before the captivity (1Ch 6:13-14; 1Ch 9:11; Ezr 7:1,3). B.C. cir. 600.
17. One of the "'proud men" who rebuked Jeremiah for advising the people that remained in Palestine after the expatriation to Babylon not to retire into Egypt, and who took the prophet himself and Baruch along with them to that country (Jer 43:2-7). B.C. 587.
18. The Hebrew name of ABEDNEGO SEE ABEDNEGO (q.v.), one of Daniel's three friends who were cast into the fiery furnace (Da 1:7; Da 3:9). He appears to have been of the royal lineage of Judah, and for this reason selected, with Daniel and his two other companions, for Nebuchadnezzar's especial service. The three children, as they were called, were remarkable for their beauty, and wisdom, and knowledge, and intelligence. They were no less remarkable for their piety, their strict adherence to the law of Moses, and the steadfast ness of their faith, even in the face of death, and their wonderful deliverance. B.C. 603. SEE DANIEL.
19 One of the nobles who returned from Babylon (Ne 7:7; Ne 12:33), and joined in the oath of fidelity to the law (Ne 10:2), and assisted in interpreting it to the people (Ne 8:7). His father's name was Maaseiah, and he repaired that part of the wall of Jerusalem opposite his house (Ne 3:23-24). In Ezr 2:2, he is called SERAIAH. B.C. 446-410.