In the early Church it was generally forbidden to bear arms within the - sacred enclosure, even when seeking an asylum. The clergy were also generally forbidden to wear arms. The Council of Macon, A.D. 581, inflicted on offenders the penalty of. thirty days' imprisonment, with fasting on bread and water. The Synod of Winchester, A.D. 1070, also forbade it. Clement V allowed the clergy to carry arms when necessary for self- defence, as did also St. Charles Borromeeo. SEE WAR, CHRISTIAN VIEWS OF.