Archon (ἄρχων, a ruler), the title properly of the chief magistrates or rather executive officers of the Athenians during their democracy (see Smith's Diet. of Class. Ant. s.v.), and applied to various functionaries,

(1.) specially to the recognized head of the Syrian Jews during the Roman empire, SEE ALABARCH, and

(2.) technically a title in the Greek Church of several officers, e.g. the church-keeper, keeper of the book of Gospels, etc.

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