A'nim (Heb., Anim', עָנִים, fountains; comp. AEnon; Sept. Α᾿είμ v. r. Αἰσάμ), a city in the mountains of the tribe of Judah, mentioned between Eshtemoah and Goshen (Jos 15:50), in the district southwest of Hebron (Keil, Comment. in loc.). Eusebius and Jerome appear to call it Ancea (Α᾿ναιά), and state that it was wholly inhabited by Jews, lying 9 Roman miles south of Hebron, near another village (with which the name likewise closely agrees) called Ansema (Α᾿νσήμ), wholly inhabited by Christians (Onomast. s.v. Α᾿νάμ, Anab). Schwarz (Palest. p. 105) says it is the modern village
Ben-Enim, 2 English miles E.N.E. of Hebron, meaning probably Beit- Anim; but this is in a different direction, and is probably the ancient Bethanoth (q.v.). Van de Velde (Memoir, p. 285), although apparently wrong in thinking it may be the Levitical Ain (Jos 21:16), is probably correct in agreeing with the identification by Wilson (Lands of Bible, 1. 354; 2:636) with the village Ghuwein, one hour south of Semoa, on the road from Hebron to Moladah; but unnecessarily supposes the Ain mentioned along with Rimmon (q.v.) in the "south" (Jos 15:32), and apportioned to Simeon (Jos 19:7), to have been a different one, as he is thus obliged to do. SEE AIN.