the elder, emperor of Constantinople, was the son of the emperor Michael, and began to reign in 1283. He disapproved of all that his father had done in the case of the union, and recalled the orthodox clergy who had been ejected on account of their opposition to that act. On account of their proceedings, Clement V excommunicated him; and in 1325 his grandson, Andronicus, revolted against him, and obliged him to yield up the throne to him. Upon this Andronicus the elder retired into a cloister, where he died in 1332. He is supposed to have written a long dialogue between a Jew and a Christian in the Bibl. Patrum, which was printed at Ingolstadt in 1616. The three works mentioned in the preceding article as the composition of Andronicus Camaterus have been also attributed to this emperor.