Amenti

Amenti (the Hidden), in Egyptian mythology, was the general name of the underworld, or Hades, including the lower heaven, or Aahlu, "fields of peace," with its twenty-one gates; Kerneter, "good place;" Rusta, or purgatory; and Hell. It was under the special governance of the setting sun as Osiris Rhotamenti, the judge of the souls of the dead; of Horus and the funeral deities. The great Hall of the Two Truths was there, and in it the examination of the soul of the deceased took place. There were also the fifteen gates of the House of Osiris, and the fourteen Abodes of Hell. Amenti had its rivers both of separation and punishment, in that respect resembling the Hades of Greek mythology, which was doubtless copied from it. It is fully described in the great collection of funeral rituals called be Ritual of the Dead, and it was often spoken of as the country of the words of truth and the happy land of Osiris. Owing to the graves of the Egyptians being mostly excavated in the mountains on the western bank of the Nile, the terms "land of the west" and "the hidden land" became synonymous; and the present name of the village of Erment is derived from that of one of the chief cities near the ancient Necropolis. For further details SEE AAHLU; SEE ATUM; SEE HORUS; SEE KERNETER; SEE RHOTAMENTI; SEE RUSTA.

 
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