Abraham, Ben-David, a Jewish philosopher and theologian of the 12th century, flourished at Toledo, Spain. He attempted a reconciliation of Jewish theology with Aristotelian philosophy, and in 1160 he wrote, in the Arabic language, a work called The Sublime Faith, in which he defends the philosophy of Aristotle, but strongly combats Neo-Platonism. See Ueberweg, Hist. of Philos. 1, 419, 427.